Determination of Geothermal Reservoir Zone of Sorik Marapi, Mandailing Natal, North Sumatra

Muhammad Shofi Hidayatullah, Agus Didit Haryanto, Johanes Hutabarat, Ryan Hidayat


The Sorik Marapi Geothermal Power (SMGP) Field is located in Mandailing Natal (350 km to the southeast from Medan), North Sumatra. This study needed alteration mineral data validation with fluid geochemical characteristics from surface manifestations, and production wells were determined the geothermal reservoir zone. Therefore geothermometer and geoindicator calculations were used. Laboratory tests were carried out on 38 surface manifestations and 11 cutting samples of exploration well. Manifestations in this area include hot springs, fumaroles, and steaming ground. Alteration minerals found in the study area are anhydrite, epidote, calcite, chlorite, muscovite, pyrophyllite, and zeolite. The alteration zone is located in the zeolite zone, the epidote zone, and the anhydrite-sericite zone. Geochemical manifestations of surface and production wells containing chloride water, sulfate water, sulfate-chloride water, and bicarbonate water. The estimated reservoir temperature of SH-01 well shows temperatures ranging from 240–280˚C, SH-02 well shows temperatures of 249.89–302.92˚C, SH-03 well show temperatures of 231.09–280˚C. The mineral geothermometer calculation, which is correlated with the geochemical fluid geothermometer, shows valid results. This is evident from the estimated reservoir temperatures of the two geothermometers.


Sorik Marapi; geothermal; reservoir; geothermometer; geoindicator

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