The hidden sedimentary basin underneath the Quaternary volcanic unit in Bogor and Kendeng area

Erlangga Septama, C. Prasetyadi, A Abdurrokhim, T. Setiawan, P.D. Wardaya, R. Raguwanti, R. Ryacudu, A. Mulawarman, B. Adhiperdhana, I. Haryanto, M.G. Rahman, A. Novianto, J. Setiawan, Y. Sutadiwiria, M. Syaifudin, V.I. Rossa, R.R. Pratama


The Java Island is an active volcanic arc that experiences several volcanism episodes, which gradually changes from South to North from the Late Oligocene to Pleistocene, following the subduction of the Australian plates underneath the Eurasian plates. During the Eocene, the southern and northern part of Java was connected as one passive margin system with the sediment supply mainly comes from Sundaland in the north.  The compressional tectonics creates a flexural margin and a deep depression in the central axis of Java Island and acts as an ultimate deep-sea depocenter in the Neogene period. In contrast to the neighboring Northwest and Northeast Java Basins in the Northern edges of Java Island, the basin configuration in the East-West trending depression in median ranges of Java (from Bogor to Kendeng Troughs) are visually undetected by seismic due to the immense Quaternary volcanic eruption covers.

Five focused window areas are selected for this study. A total of 1,893 Km sections, 584 rock samples, 1569 gravity and magnetic data, and 29 geochemical samples (rocks, oil, and gas samples) were acquired during the study. Geological fieldwork was focused on the stratigraphic unit composition and the observable features of deformation products from the outcrops. Due to the Paleogene deposit exposure scarcity in the Central-East Java area, the rock samples were also collected from the mud volcano ejected materials in the Sangiran Dome.

The distinct subsurface configuration differences between Bogor and Kendeng Troughs are mainly in the tectonic basement involvement and the effect of the shortening on the formerly rift basin. Both Bogor and Kendeng Troughs are active petroleum systems that generate type II /III Kerogen typical of reduction zone organic material derived from transition to the shallow marine environment. The result suggests that these basins are secular from the neighboring basins with a native petroleum system specific to the palaeogeographical condition during the Paleogene to Neogene periods where the North Java systems (e.g., Northwest and Northeast Java Basin) was characterized by oxidized terrigenous type III Kerogen.

Full Text:



Abdurrokhim, A., Ito, M., 2013, The role of slump scars in slope channel initiation: A case study from the Miocene Jatiluhur Formation in the Bogor Trough, West Java, Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 73:68–86

Adhiperdana, B. G., 2018, Sedimentological study of fluvial succession of the Eocene – Oligocene Bayah Formation, West Java; reconstruction of paleohydrological features of an ancient fluvial system using empirical equations developed from modern fluvial systems in Indonesia Islands, PhD Thesis, Unpublished, Chiba University.

Bernhard, W.S., 2015, Volcaniclastic Petroleum Systems – Theory and Examples from Indonesia, Proceedings of Indonesian Petroleum Association Thirty-Ninth Annual Convention & Exhibition.

Clements, B., Hall, R., Smyth, H. R., Cottam, M. A., 2009, Thrusting of a volcanic arc, a new structural model for Java, Petroleum Geoscience vol. 15, pp. 159–174.

Doust, H., Noble, R. A., 2008, Petroleum systems of Indonesia, Marine and Petroleum Geology v.25 pp 103-129

Doust, H., 2017, Petroleum systems in Southeast Asian Tertiary basins, Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia 64(1):1-16

Fakultas Teknik Geologi UNPAD – Pertamina INV,2020, Final Report of the Petroleum prospect in Bogor Trough, West Java, (unpublished)

Fakultas Teknologi Mineral UPN – Pertamina INV,2020, Final Report of the Petroleum prospect in Kendeng Trough, East Java, (unpublished)

Hall, R. 1996. Reconstructing Cenozoic SE Asia. In: Hall, R. & Blundell, D.J. (eds) Tectonic Evolution of SE Asia. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 106, 153–184.

Hall, R., Clements, B., Smyth, H., R., Cottam, M., A.,2007, A New Interpretation of Java’s Structure,

Proceedings of Indonesian Petroleum Association Thirty-First Annual Convention and Exhibition.

Hall, R. and Smyth, H.R., 2008, Cenozoic arc processes in Indonesia: identification of the key influences on the stratigraphic record in active volcanic arcs. In: Draut, A.E. Clift, P.D. & Scholl, D.W. (eds) Formation and Applications of the Sedimentary Record in Arc Collision Zones. Geological Society of America, Special Publications, 436, 27–54

Gani, R. M. G., Firmansyah, Y., Pamekas, S.F, 2020, Stratigraphic analysis of Rajamandala and Citarum Formation based on outcrops data, Journal of geological sciences and applied geology vol. 4 no. 1

Lunt, P., 2013. The Sedimentary Geology of Java. Special Publication. Jakarta: Indonesian Petroleum Association.

Lunt, P. 2019, The origin of the East Java Sea basins deduced from sequence stratigraphy, Marine and Petroleum Geology v.105 pp 17-31

Metcalfe, I., 2017, Tectonic evolution of Sundaland, Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, vol. 63, pp. 27-60.

Muljana, B., Watanabe, K., Rosana, M.F., 2012, Petroleum system in back arc basin Majalengka sub-basin Indonesia, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 62

Prasetyadi, C., Rachman, M., G., Hapsoro, S., E., Shirly, A., Gunawan, A., Purwaman, I., 2016, Seismic Based Structural Mapping of RMKS Fault Zone: Implication to Hydrocarbon Accumulation in East Java Basin, Proceedings Geosea XIV and 45th IAGI Annual Convention.

Pubellier, M., and Morley, C. K., 2013, The Basins of Sundaland (SE Asia): Evolution and boundary conditions, Marine and Petroleum Geology v. 58, pp. 555-578

Satyana, A., H., Purwaningsih, M., E., M., 2003, Geochemistry Of The East Java Basin: New Observations On Oil Grouping, Genetic Gas Types And Trends Of Hydrocarbon Habitats, Proceedings of Indonesian Petroleum Association Twenty-Ninth Annual Convention & Exhibition.

Satyana, A. H., 2014, Subvolcanic hydrocarbon prospectivity of Java: opportunities and challenge, PIT HAGI Solo proceedings

Satyana, A., H., 2016, The Emergence of Pre-Cenozoic Petroleum System in East Java Basin: Constraints from New Data and Interpretation of Tectonic Reconstruction, Deep Seismic, And Geochemistry, Proceedings of Indonesian Petroleum Association Fortieth Annual Convention & Exhibition.

Simo, T., 2011, Sequence stratigraphic correlation and sedimentological implications, East Java Basin: comparisons and lessons learned from outcrop and subsurface studies, Thirty-Fifth Annual Convention

Smyth, H., Hall, R., Hamilton, J., P., and Kinny, P., 2005, East Java: Cenozoic basins, volcanoes and ancient basement. In: Indonesian Petroleum Association Proceedings 30th Annual Convention, 251 266.

Sribudiyani, Muchsin, N., Ryacudu, R., et al. 2003, The collision of the East Java Microplate and its implication for hydrocarbon occurrences in the East Java Basin. In: Indonesian Petroleum Association, Proceedings 29th Annual Convention, 335–346.

Waltham, D., Hall, R., Smyth, H., R., Ebinger, C., J., 2008, Basin formation by volcanic arc loading, The Geological Society of America, Special Paper 436.

Yulianto, I., Hall, R., Clements, B., & Elders, C., 2007, Structural and stratigraphic evolution of the offshore Malingping Block, West Java, Indonesia. In: Indonesian Petroleum Association, Proceedings 31st Annual Convention, 171–183.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published By:


The Indonesian Sedimentologists Forum (FOSI)
The Indonesian Association of Geologists (IAGI)

Creative Commons License
Berita Sedimentologi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.